For Israelis, security is the bedrock issue.


Israelis fear that if they leave the West Bank,rockets will rain down on their cities, like when they unilaterally withdrew from Southern Lebanon and the Gaza Strip. They are wary of Palestinian willingness to forge, implement and sustain a lasting peace agreement and believe they must have the right to defend itself – by itself, when neccessary.

Therefore, Israel needs to be reassured:


Israelis fear that if they leave the West Bank,rockets will rain down on their cities, like when they unilaterally withdrew from Southern Lebanon and the Gaza Strip.
Israelis are wary of Palestinian willingness to forge, implement and sustain a lasting peace agreement. Israel reserves the right to defend itself – by itself.

For Palestinians, the bedrock issues are sovereignty and dignity.


The Palestinians will not accept a visible Israeli presence in their daily lives. They have no faith in confidence building measures leading to a lasting peace and they fear that if a two-state agreement were to be reached, Israel would not abide by its terms and instead would overstep at every opportunity.

Therefore, the Palestinians would need to be reassured:


Immediate steps would be taken to quickly reduce Israel’s visible presence in the Palestinian territories, and IDF interactions with Palestinians, a clear timetable for Israel’s withdrawal would be established based on conditions agreed to by all of the parties, and a workable mechanism would be created for resolving disagreements that may arise – Palestinians must be assured that Israel’s withdrawal from the West Bank would not drag on indefinitely.