The 1995 Oslo II Agreement’s division of the West Bank into Areas A, B, and C, created 169 Palestinian enclaves cumulatively constituting Area A and Area B. Commuting between them often requires crossing Area C, which is under exclusive Israeli control.
Over the past 20 years, natural growth of Palestinian villages in Area B exhausted all available space and expanded into their surroundings, all classified as Area C. Unable to obtain building permits from the Israeli authorities, approximately 11,000 structures are considered illegal and currently under demolition orders.
A rough calculation of the cumulative territory occupied by these 11,000 structures approximates 4% of the West Bank. Recategorizing these segments of Area C as Area B - and transferring housing and zoning authority over them to the PA - requires no Israeli legislation. It will in no way negatively impact Israel's security, as Israel retains overall security control over Area B. For the Palestinians it will:
ENABLE NATURAL GROWTH
Apply to Palestinians the concept of natural growth that has long justified the expansion of Israeli settlements.
LEGALIZE THE HOMES OF 200,000 PALESTINIANS
Annul demolition orders for 11,000 Palestinian housing structures.
CLARIFY ISRAELI POLICY
Signal that Israeli control over Area C should not be considered permanent.
Strengthen the Palestinian economy and improve the atmosphere in Israeli-Palestinian relations.
Implementation of 4% C to B Plan
Three criteria should be met in delineating the segments of territory in Area C to be recognized as Area B:
DISTANCE FROM AREA B
Subject to the two other criteria, all houses located within 1,640 feet of the outer boundary of Area B should be included.
DISTANCE FROM ISRAELI SETTLEMENTS
For security reasons, the extended Area B should not reach any closer than 1,640 feet from the nearest Israeli settlement.
DISTANCE FROM SECURITY BARRIER
For security reasons, the extended Area B should not reach any closer than 1,640 feet from the security barrier.