The signing of the Oslo II Accord in 1995 led to the establishment of Areas A, B, and C in the West Bank, leading to 169 Palestinian enclaves (Area A and Area B). The arrangement does not provide for either Israeli or Palestinian contiguity – and has led to consequences for the Israeli and Palestinian residents.
Commuting between Area A and Area B often requires crossing Area C, which is under exclusive Israeli control. The inability of Palestinians to travel fluidly throughout Arab West Bank cities and villages has dramatically weakened its state-building, including a hindered Palestinian police force.
This proposal aims to cut the number of Area B islands from over 169 to 43. Doing so would enhance Palestinian territorial contiguity in the West Bank and advance key security objectives:
Improve the Palestinian Authority’s (PA) capacity to provide basic law and order.
Boost the capacity and effectiveness of the PA security agencies and their ability to maintain a high level of coordination with their Israeli counterparts.
Reduce friction between Israelis and Palestinians in the West Bank.
Strengthen the Palestinian economy.
Establish conditions for a two-state reality that would ensure a secure, Jewish, and democratic Israel.
The measures outlined in this initiative are limited and meant to be applied on an interim basis. As such, they require no settlement evacuation or negotiated amendments to existing agreements. Rather than introduce more chaos into a potentially explosive environment, they will create a calmer atmosphere by changing dynamics on the ground.